Williamsburg Taijiquan

Glossary

A
An -push/press downward
An Jing - quiet energy

B
Baduanjin - Eight pieces of brocade
Ba Fa - Eight methods of the internal martial style Liu He Bs Fa
Ba Gua (Pa Kua) - Eight trigrams
Ba Gua Zhang - Eight trigrams palm (internal martial art)
Bai hui - Accupuncture point on the crown of the head - Governing Vessel
Bai lian jiao - Outward crescent kick
Ban gong- External exercise
Ban Ma Bu - Half horse stance
Baoluo - Pericardium - one of the twelve primary qi channels
Beng - Expand
Bi Qi - Seal the breath
Boh Jing - Deflecting, bouncing power
Bu - Footwork/stances

C
Cai - Force exerted by quick grab and pull
Ce Jing - Twisting Power
Ce xing bu - Side step
Cha bu - Backward cross step
Chan si gong -Silk reeling
Chang Chuan - Long boxing
Chang San-Feng - Mythical creator of Taijiquan
Che bu - retreat step
Chen - Original style of taijiquan based on creations by Chen Wangting and further developed by following generations
Chen Jing - Sinking Power
Chi or Qi - Vital energy or life force
Chi Kung/Qi Gong - exercises to increase vital energy/Qi done sitting standing, sitting or lying down
Chin Na - Joint control aspect of Chinese martial arts, four aspects, dislocationg the joints, seperating muscle, sealing the breath and cavity press. Joint locking
Chong Qi - To fill the Qi
Chuan - Fist
Ci Jing - Cutting Power
Cun Jing - Inch Power

D
Da Lu - Pushing hands exercise also known as four corners or large rollback
Da Mo - The Bodhidarma
Da Qiao - Building the Bridge - Touching the tongue to the roof of your mouth
Dantian or tan tien - Field of Elixer. Upper (between the eyebrows) middle (solar plexus), and lower (trhee fingers below the navel at the body's center of gravity)
Dao - Sabre or broadsword
Dao or Dao - The Way
Dao De Jing - Taoist Classic text written by Lao Zi
Dao yin- Concentrated exertion of inner force
Deng Jiao - Heel kick
Dian Xue - Cavity press, striking of acupuncture points, category of Qin Na/Chin Na.
Di Jing - Uprooting Power
Dim Mak - Vital point attacks using acupuncture points
Ding - Central Equalibrium
Ding Bu - Follow step
Dou Jin - Vibrating or shaking the body with great force, used to hit at short distances
Downward Strike - Zai Quan
Du li bu - One leg stance
Duan Jing - Interrupting Power
Du Mai - Governing vessel, one of the major qi pathways, runs from tailbone to spine and up to the roof of the mouth

E
Empty/Full - Basic concept in Taijiquan. Empty is a deficiency while Full is excessive or lots of something. An aspect of Yin/Yang
Er lu- Second routine
External/Internal - Referring to the martial arts. External usually refers to the arts developed at Shaolin and are physical while the internal martial arts are focused on Qi power and relaxed power

F
Fa Jing - To issue explosive power
Fan Hu Xi - Reverse breathing or Taoist breathing
Frame - The size of the movement performed, small tight movements would be small frame
Fu- Major style of internal arts by Fu Zhen Song

G
Gai bu - forward cross step
Gang ru hsiang ji- Hardness and softness in close succession
Gong/Kung - Energy or hard work or effort
Gong Bu - Bow step
Gongfu or Kung Fu - Anything that takes time and energy to learn
Gu - Look Left

H
Hao - style of TaijiQuan, not common, small movements, created by Hao Wei-Zen developed from the small frame of Chen style Taijiquan
He Jing - Close-up Power
Hen - One of two sounds in Taijiquan. On inhale is yin energy, on exhale yin and some yang
Heng Jing - Crossing Power
Hexagram - One of the 64 changes of the I Ching
Hook Hand - Gou
Hsing I/Xing Yi Chuan - Form and intent boxing (internal style) developed by General Yue Fei
Hu lei jia- Thunder style
Hua Jing - Neutralizing Power
Hua Jing - Transforming energy
Hui yin - Perineum
Huo - Fire

I
I Ching - The book of changes or book of divination

J
Jan - Yielding
Ji - An offensive force transmitted by putting two arms together and "pushing".actually means to squeeze
Ji ben gong fu- General basic exercises
Jian - straight sword
Jin - Power, force or advance, there are many types of jin energy
Jin - Metal
Jin Bu - Step forward
Jing - Internal energy channels
Jing luo- Main and collateral channels where vital energy circulates
Jing-Shen - Spirit of vitality
Jin Zhong Zhao - Golden bell cover, training that allows a person to be struck without injury

K
Kai Jing - Open-up Power
Kai li bu - separated leg stance
Kao - Shoulder Stroke or to lean
Kong Jin - empty force
Kung Fu/Gongfu - hard work or skillful effort

L
Lan - Merging
Lao gung or Laogong- Accupuncture point in the center of the palm
Lao jia- Old frame
Li - Strength, muscular power
Lieh - Split or spiraling force, a screwdriver type of force
Ling - Agility
Ling Gong Jing - Distance Power
Lotus kick - Circular kick in T'aijiquan
Lu - Roll Back and diverting force to side, a sticking energy

M
Mai - Vessels or Qi channels
Mian - Soft
Mianquan - Soft fist, another name for taijiquan Ming Jing - bright energy
Ming men - Accupuncture point at lower back in line with the Dan Tien
Mu - Wood element

N
Na Jing - Controlling Power
Nan Chuan - Southern boxing in China
Nei gong- Internal exercise.
Neijia - internal arts
Neijin - internal power
Ni- outward rotation in Chan su qong
Nian Jiao - Grinding step
Nien - Adhering or sticking to

O
Open/Close - Term in Taijiquan for expanding/contracting, growing/shrinking. Another application of Yin & Yang

P
Pai Jiao - Slapping foot kick
Pan - Look right
Palm - Zhang
Pao Chui - Cannon fist, the second form of Chen T'aijiquan
Peng - Relaxed Connection upward force
Peng - Ward Off
Peng Jing - Pushing Power
Po Jing - Deflecting Power
Postnatal Birth - Energy acquired after birth from the environment
Prenatal Birth - Energy acquired from parents
Pu Bu - Sliding step
Punch - Da Quan
Push Hands - Two person exercise in taijiquan, used to develop sensitivity and move towards self defense application

Q
Qi or Chi- Ennergy
Qi gong- An excercise of breathing and directing qi throughout the body to improve health.
Qi Li - Qi supported muscle power
Qiang - Spear
Qin na- Capturing technique; joint locking.
Qing gong- Lightness exercise
Quan- Fist or martial art.
Quan Zuan- Critical point before turning back to the other direction in twisting energy
Quing - Lightness

R
Ren Mai - Conception vessel
Root - Developing stability in taijiquan by sinking chi to dan tien initially and eventually below the feet and into the earth
Rou - Soft
Rou Shou - Soft hands see San Shou
Ruan Jin - Soft jin

S
San Bao - Three treasures - jing, chi and shen
San Shou - Free hands, fighting in Taijhiquan
San Ti shi- Standing exercise
Shang Bu - Forward step
Shaolin Temple - Monastery in the Henan Province, China noted for martial arts
Shen - spiritual energy
Shi San Shi - The Thirteen Postures
Shui - Water
Shun- Inward rotation in chan ssu gong
Sifu/Shifu - Master teacher
Suei - Magnetic energy
Sun style- Major style created by Sun Lutang (1861-1932)

T
T'ai Chi/Taiji - supreme ultimate
T'ai Chi Ch'uan or Taijiquan - martial art based on yin/yang
T'ai Chi Classics - writings on Taijhiquan, in brief poetry form
with deep meaning
Tai ji bu fa- Taijiquan step exercises
Tai ji chan si jing- Taijiquan twisting force exercises
Tai ji dou jing- Taijiquan shaking force exercises
Tai ji qi xie gong- Taijiquan weapon exercises
Tai ji chan tui shou- Taijiquan push hand.
Taiyang - Extreme yang
Taiyin - Extreme yin
Tie sha zhang- Iron palm
Tao or Dao - The way to self development
Tao Te Ching - Classic writing on the Tao by Lao Zi
Throwing Fist - Pie Quan
Thrusting Fist - Chuan Quan
Ti - Lift
Ti Jiao - Toe kick
Tie Bu Shan - iron shirt qigong, training to allow person to take a blow with no injury
Ting Jing - Listening Energy
Trigram - Arrangement of three parallel broken or unbroken lines representing yin or yang arranged in pairs to form the hexagrams of the I Ching
Tsai/Cai - Pull down energy
Tu - Earth
Tu na- Deep breathing exercise.
Tui - Retreat
Tui Bu - Step back
Tui - Push Out
Tui bu - Back step
Tui Shou - Push hands, exercise in Taijiquan to develop sensitivity and close quarter fighting, purpose to uproot or disrupt opponents balance

U

V

W
Wa Shou - Tile hand, hand position in Taijiquan
Wu (Hao) style (1) - Major style created by Wu Yuxiang (1812-1880)
Wu style (2)- Major style created by Wu Jianquan (1870-1942)
Wai Jin - External power, minimal chi
Wu Chi/Wuji - Nothingness, void before T'aiji and yin/yang
Wu wei - Doing without doing, effortless effort. flow
Wudang - Mountain in China where internal arts are practiced in the Fubel Province
Wushu - Martial techniques

X
Xiao jia- Small frame
Xia Dan Tian - Lower Dan Tian
Xi Bu - Empty step
Xiao Lu - Small rollback
xiae bu - Post stance
Xin - Mind
Xin jia- New frame.
Xin-Yi - Heart mind
Xun jin kou xue- Capturing nerves and pressure points

Y
Yang - Hard, strong, male, active, bright, heaven, side of yin/yang
Yang - Major style created by Yang Luchan (1799-1872)
Yi - Intent or mind
Yi lu- First routine
Yin - Soft weak female passive dark earth side of yin/yang
Ying Jing - Drawing-up Power
You Pan - Look right
Yung Quan - Bubbling well points at the soles of the feet

Z
Zang Lian Jing - Sticking power
Zhan Zhuang - Standing meditation to build Qi
Zhang, San-Feng - Credited with originating Taijiquan duing the Song Dynasty
Zhao fa - Forms and techniques
Zhong Ding - Central equalibrium
Zhong Zheng - centered and straight
Zhou - Forearm and elbow in defense or offense
Zhou Jing - Rubbing Power
Zhuan Jing - Spiral Power
Zhuan Xin - Concentrated mind
Zuo Chan - Sitting meditation
Zuo Jing - Following Power
Zuo Te Jing - Folding Power

© Stan Rockwell