Williamsburg Taijiquan

Wudang 13

Wudang 13 Form

Click here for a Portable Document File of the movements and notes by Bill Hansell.

Wudang 13 Form Taiji Chuan

The Movements

1. Ward Off ( Peng ) - East 2. Roll Back ( Lu ) - South 3. Press ( Ji ) - North 4. Push ( An ) - West 5. Pluck ( Cai ) - Northeast 6. Split ( Lie ) - Southwest 7. Elbow ( Zhou ) - Northwest 8. Bump ( Kao ) - Southeast 9. Step Forward ( Qian Jin ) - Fire 10. Step Back ( Hou Tui ) - Water 11. Gaze Left ( Zhao Gu ) - Wood 12. Look Right ( Yuo Ban ) - Metal 13. Center ( Zhong Ding ) - Earth Brief History Chinese martial arts historical studies found evidence in a song (poem) of this oldest recorded form of Taiji Chuan. The form is believed to have been developed about 700 years ago during the Ming Dynasty on Wudang (Military Equal) Mountain by Shaolin monks. The movements are symbolic. The first eight refer to the directions of applied energy while the last five are symbolic of the five elements. Details 1. Ward Off ( Peng )

1. Ward Off ( Peng )

  •  Done from a forward bow stance
  •  Firmly rooted, connected to the earth (front foot)
  •  Elbow dropped, palm facing body
  •  Feel buoyant fullness, i.e., qi fills the body like air fills a balloon
  •  Sink qi to lower dan tian, suspend the head
  •  Peng power is like water holding a boat
  •  Incoming force can be rebounded
  •  No applied jin energy
  •  I Ching symbol is Fire
2. Roll Back ( Lu )
  • Done from the transition between forward and reverse bow stances
  • Hand positions depict holding opponent's shoulder with upper hand and forearm with lower hand
  • Step straight back, guide opponent diagonally
  • Cause aggressive force to overextend by rotating the wrist
  • Execute without resistance so that the incoming energy is neutralized
  • Normally combined with ward off
  • Maintain root on reaf foot
  • I Ching symbol is Water
3. Press ( Ji )
  • Done with transition from reverse to forward bow stance
  • Root transfers from rear to front foot
  • Two methods, direct and indirect
  • Energy applied from the lower dan tian and the kua
  • Use Peng Jin (release, deflect) to establish Ji Jin (short, fast)
  • Ji energy feels like a coin bouncing from a drum head
  • I Ching symbol is Valley
4. Push ( An )
  • Done from forward bow stance
  • Root is on front foot
  • Hand position is inside shoulders
  • Hands move from down to up with fingertips at chin level
  • Forward movement is initiated by lower dan tian
  • Energy feels like water moving forward with rapidly growing current
  • Control internal energy like a wave
  • I Ching symbol is Thunder
5. Pluck ( Cai )
  • Done from forward bow stance, right foot in front
  • Corner direction - back right corner from Push movement
  • Energy acts as a lever or pivot point to control opponent
  • Palms of hands are empty and soft
  • Associated with roll back movement
  • I Ching symbol is Earth
6. Split ( Lie )
  • Done from forward bow stance, left foot in front
  • Corner direction - 180 degrees from Pluck movement
  • Double energy - cast off and push down
  • Must use lower dan tian and left elbow together
  • I Ching symbol is Mountain
7. Elbow ( Zhou )
  • Done with empty left foot
  • Corner direction - right of Split movement
  • Can use all six energies - adhere, stick, neutralize, seize, entice, and issue
  • Most devastating martial application in "Eight Gates Movements"
  • I Ching symbol is Wind
8. Bump ( Kao )
  • Done from bow stance, left foot in front
  • Corner direction - 180 degrees from Elbow movement
  • Cannot be successful without rooting
  • Also called Shoulder or Back Attack
  • Energy is like pounding a pestle
  • I Ching symbol is Heaven
9. Step Forward ( Qian Jin )
  •  235 degree turn to right
  • Hands drop to waist, palms facing body after turn in made
  • Step to bow stance with right foot forward
  • Hands push up wiht palms out (uproot) as rear foot goes to jin step
  • Element: Fire - [Yang, seize opportunity: Summer: Red: Heart: Phoenix]
10. Step Back ( Hou Tui )
  • Step back 180 degrees with right toe
  • Right hand sweeps back and up
  • Weight to right foot as left hand strikes and right hand pulls/deflects
  • Both palms face upward simultaneously
  • Eyes to back hand
  • Element: Water - [Yin, withdrawing is advancing: Winter: Black: Kidneys: Tortoise]
11. Gaze left ( Zhao Gu )
  • Step left to heel as left hand sweeps up and across face with fingers below eye level
  • As weight goes to left foot, right hand sweeps down in front of groin with palm facing body
  • Turn lower dan tian to left corner to generate strength
  • Used with Look Right to develop balanced strength on left and right sides
  • Element: Wood - [Yang, neutralize and strike with jin step: Spring: Green: Liver: Dragon]
12. Look Right ( Yuo Ban )
  • Step right to heel as right hand sweeps up and across face with fingers below eye level
  • As weight goes to right foot, left hand sweeps down in front of groin with palm facing body
  • Turn lower dan tian to right to generate strength
  • Used with Gaze Left to develop balanced strength on left and right sides
  • Element: Metal - [Yin, yield to gain advantage: Autumn: White: Lungs: Tiger]
13. Center ( Zhong Ding )
  • Step left with left toe as right hand sweeps under left
  • As weight is centered both palms face upward
  • Knees are slightly bent and hands are at lower dan tian
  • No jin step with right foot
  • Element: Earth - [Neither Yin nor Yang: No season: Yellow: Spleen: Horse]

© Stan Rockwell